SHIPPING, CARE & HANDLING

Doors

Flooring



SHIPPING

Brainerd Hardwoods uses the following third-party shipping companies:

  • Commercial Trucking
  • UPS
  • Spee-Dee

Estimated shipping costs will be included with quotes.

CARE, HANDLING & FINISHING

The following describes our suggested care and handling for:


Doors
Storage and Handling:

  • Doors shall always be stored flat and in clean, dry surroundings.
  • Protect from dirt, water, and abuse. If stored for long periods, doors must be sealed with a non-water-based sealer or primer.
  • Doors shall not be exposed to excessive moisture, heat, dryness, or direct sunlight.
  • Doors shall always be handled with clean hands or while wearing clean gloves.

Field Finishing:

  • Prior to finishing, insure that the building atmosphere is dried to a normal, interior relative humidity. Insure that the doors have been allowed to equalize to stable moisture content.
  • Prior to finishing, remove all handling marks, raised grain and other undesirable blemishes by completely block sanding all surfaces with a 150 fine grit abrasive.
  • Certain species of wood, particularly oak, contain chemicals, which react unfavorably with certain finishes, causing dark stain spots. Where possible, the species/finish combination should be tested prior to finishing the doors. Notify your finish supplier or door supplier immediately if any undesirable reaction is noticed. Do not continue with the finishing until the problem is resolved.
  • In order not to induce warping, avoid dark stains or dark colored paints on door surface exposed directly to sunlight.
  • In order to prevent blemish magnification; avoid extremely dark stains on light colored wood species.
  • Water based sealer or prime coats should not be used. Water based topcoats should only be used over surfaces that have been completely sealed with non-water-based sealer or primer.
  • A first coat of a thinned clear sanding sealer (wash coat), followed by light block sanding, will minimize subsequent handling marks and promote the uniformity of subsequent stain coats.
  • All exposed wood surfaces must be sealed, including top and bottom rails.
  • To achieve the desired results of color uniformity, finish build, gloss and reduce the frequency of refinishing, obtain and follow finish manufacturer’s recommendations.
  • Be sure the door surface being finished is satisfactory in both smoothness and color after each coat before applying the next coat.

Installation:

  • The utility or structural strength of the doors must not be impaired in fitting to the opening, in applying hardware, in preparing for lights, louvers, or plantons or other detailing.
  • Clearances between door edges and door frame shall be minimum or 1/16 inch on the hinge edge, 1/8 inch on the latch edge and top rail.
  • Apply the sealer, primer, or first coats of the required finish, on exterior doors, immediately after fitting, cutting for hardware, weather-stripping, etc., and before the installation of any hardware.

Maintenance:

  • Most finishes on exterior doors deteriorate relatively quickly. In order for exterior doors to continue receiving the protection required, inspect the condition of exterior finishes at least once a year and refinish as often as needed to maintain the protective integrity of the finish.
  • Insure that doors continue to swing freely, do not bind in the frame and that all hardware remains functional.

Flooring
Handling and Storage:

  • Hardwood flooring is a quality product made from lumber that has been kiln-dried. To maintain the moisture level, don’t truck or unload it in the rain, snow or other excessively humid conditions.
  • Cover flooring with a tarpaulin or vinyl if the atmosphere is foggy or damp.
  • Kiln-dried flooring should be stored in an enclosed building that is well ventilated with weather proof windows and located in areas where similar fine millwork is stored. The storage area within the building should be clean and dry. Proper drainage should be provided to prevent water from draining into the storage area used for flooring.
  • Leave adequate room for good air circulation around stacks of flooring.
  • Continual exposure to dry heat may dry flooring below its manufactured moisture content, which may later result in buckled floors if flooring is delivered to the job and not given sufficient time to acclimate to job site conditions.

Job Site Conditions:

  • Check the job site before delivery. Be sure the flooring will not be exposed to excessive periods of high humidity or moisture. The surface grade or slope should direct water away from the building.
  • Basements and crawl spaces must be dry and well ventilated. In joist construction with no basement, outside cross ventilation through vents or other openings in the foundation walls must be provided with no dead air areas. A surface cover of 6 mil polyethylene film is essential as a vapor retarder in crawl space construction.
  • The building should be closed in with outside windows and doors in place. All concrete, masonry, sheetrock and framing members, etc. should be thoroughly dry before flooring is delivered to the job site. In warm months the building must be well ventilated; during winter months heating should be maintained near occupancy levels at least five days before the flooring is delivered and until sanding and finishing are complete.
  • Because materials used to provide energy efficient structures trap moisture in a residence, it may be necessary to delay delivery and installation of flooring to allow the excessive moisture trapped during construction to evaporate. The average moisture content of framing members and subflooring should be below 12%-14% before delivery of the flooring. Moisture contents above 12%-14% can cause moisture related problems.
  • When job site conditions are satisfactory, have the flooring delivered and broken up into small lots and stored in the rooms where it will be installed. Allow 4 to 5 days or more, for the flooring to become acclimated to job site conditions. If flooring is packaged, open or remove packaging for acclimation.
  • From the time flooring is delivered and until occupancy, temperature and humidity should be maintained at or near occupancy levels. After occupancy, continue to control the environment. Extended times (more than 1 month) without HVAC controls can promote elevated moisture conditions which can adversely affect flooring.
  • Protect flooring from excessive heat. Flooring installed over a heating plant or un-insulated heating ducts may develop cracks unless protection from the heat is provided. Use a double layer of 15 lb., or a single layer of 30 lb. asphalt felt/building paper, or 1/2” standard insulation board between joists under the flooring in these areas. Over a heating plant the insulation used should be non-flammable.

For more information regarding the finishing and installation of hardwood flooring go to the National Oak Flooring Manufacturers Association.


   
Brainerd Hardwoods
13844 White Pine Drive, Brainerd MN 56401
Ph: (800) 762-4898 or (218) 828-4824
Fax: (218) 828-0720
 
Interior Doors